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Raspberry Senator is a productive variety for farms and gardens. The variety was bred by the Russian breeder V.V. Kichina. Berries have good commercial properties: large size, dense pulp, transportability. Due to their high cold resistance, the plants endure severe winters.
Description of the Senator raspberry variety:
- mid-early ripening;
- height up to 1.8 m;
- lack of thorns;
- slightly spreading bush;
- smooth and powerful shoots;
- high ability to form shoots;
- 10-12 berries ripen on each shoot.
Characteristics of Senator berries:
- large sizes;
- red-orange color;
- shiny surface;
- conical raspberry shape;
- sweet and sour taste;
- average weight up to 7-12 g, maximum - 15 g;
- dense pulp.
The yield of the Senator variety reaches 4.5 kg of berries per bush. The fruits are easily removed from the bush, do not crumble after ripening, are not prone to decay. The Senator variety belongs to the winter-hardy, without shelter it survives winter frosts down to -35 ° C.
The fruits tolerate transportation well, are suitable for freezing and processing. Jam, jams, compotes are made from raspberries, and fresh berries are also used.
Senator raspberries are planted in a prepared area. Before planting, the soil is fertilized with organic matter or minerals. Senator saplings are purchased from trusted suppliers or obtained independently from the mother bush.
When buying raspberry seedlings, Senator should contact nurseries. High-quality seedlings have a developed root system and several shoots with buds.
If the Senator raspberry snake is planted on the site, then the variety is propagated in any of the following ways:
- root suckers;
- dividing the bush.
In the spring, root suckers up to 10 cm high are selected and separated from the bush. Plants are transplanted to a separate bed, they are provided with regular watering. In the fall, the raspberries are transferred to a permanent place.
To propagate raspberries Senator cuttings take the rhizome and divide it into strips 8 cm long. The cuttings are planted in trenches, covered with earth and watered abundantly. During the season, shoots will appear, which are transplanted to the chosen place in the fall.
Raspberry Senator grows in one place for no more than 10 years. When transplanting, new plants are obtained by dividing the mother bush. The sections are treated with charcoal, then the material is planted in the ground.
Raspberry Senator prefers lighted areas that are not exposed to wind. The yield and taste of berries depends on the access to the plants of the sun's rays.
A flat area is taken under the raspberry tree. Moisture often accumulates in the lowlands, which negatively affects the development of shoots. At higher elevations, the soil dries out faster.
Advice! Raspberries grow well on light loamy soils.
Raspberries are not grown after strawberries, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants. The best predecessors are representatives of legumes and cereals. When growing raspberries on the site, replanting the crop is permissible no earlier than after 5 years.
Before planting a crop, it is recommended to grow green manure: lupine, phacelia, rye, oats. 2 months before the work, the plants are dug up, crushed and embedded in the ground to a depth of 25 cm. Siderata enrich the soil with useful substances.
A month before planting, the site is dug up. 6 kg of compost and 200 g of complex fertilizer per 1 sq. m.
Senator raspberries are planted in autumn or early spring. When planted at the end of September, the plants will have time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of cold weather. The sequence of work does not depend on the selected planting time.
Raspberry Senator planting order:
- Trenches or planting holes with a diameter of 40 cm and a depth of 50 cm are prepared for the bushes.
- Plant roots are placed in a growth stimulator for 3 hours.
- Part of the soil is poured into the hole, a raspberry seedling is placed on top.
- The roots are covered with soil, compact it and leave a depression around the plant for watering.
- The raspberries are watered abundantly.
Young plants are demanding on moisture. The plantings are watered, and the soil is mulched with straw or humus.
Raspberries Senator provide the necessary care, which consists of watering, feeding and pruning. Plants respond positively to the introduction of organic matter and mineral solutions into the soil. To protect the variety from diseases and pests, the bushes are sprayed.
High cold resistance allows Senator raspberries to endure winter frosts. Autumn care consists in preventive pruning of shoots.
Regular watering ensures high yields of the Senator variety. However, stagnant moisture leads to decay of the root system, which does not gain access to oxygen.
According to the description, Raspberry Senator does not tolerate drought well. With a prolonged absence of moisture, the ovaries fall off, and the fruits become smaller and lose their taste.
Advice! Watering is especially important during flowering and ovary formation.
For irrigation, use warm water, which has settled in barrels. Raspberries Senator are watered in the morning or evening. On average, moisture is applied every week. In hot weather, more frequent watering is required.
After adding moisture, the soil is loosened and weeds are weeded. Mulching the soil with humus, peat or straw helps to reduce the frequency of watering. In the fall, abundant watering is done to help the plants overwinter.
When using fertilizers when planting, Senator raspberries are provided with nutrients for 2 years. In the future, the plants are fed annually.
In early spring, plantings are watered with slurry. The fertilizer contains nitrogen, which helps to grow new shoots. In summer, it is better to refuse nitrogen fertilization in order to ensure fruiting.
In summer, Senator raspberries are fed with superphosphate and potassium sulfate. For 10 liters of water, measure 30 g of each fertilizer. Plants are watered with the resulting solution during flowering and berry formation.
Universal fertilizer for raspberries - wood ash. It contains potassium, phosphorus and calcium. Ash is added to the water a day before watering or embedded in the soil during loosening. In summer, plantings can be fed with bone meal.
According to the description of the variety and the photo, Senator raspberry is a tall plant. So that the shoots do not fall to the ground, a trellis is installed in the raspberry tree. When placed on a trellis, the shoots are evenly illuminated by the sun, the plantings do not thicken, and the care of the plants is simplified.
The order of the construction of the trellis:
- Along the edges of the rows with raspberries, supports made of metal or wood up to 2 m high are installed. You can use iron pipes and rods of small diameter.
- If necessary, put additional supports every 5 m.
- A wire is pulled between the supports at a height of 60 cm and 120 cm from the ground surface.
- The shoots are placed on a fan-shaped trellis and fastened with twine.
In the spring, at the raspberry Senator, the frozen branches are pruned to healthy buds. Broken and dry shoots are also eliminated. Up to 10 branches are left on the bush, the rest are cut out at the root.
Advice! The cut branches are burned to eliminate insect larvae and pathogens.
In the fall, two-year-old branches are removed, on which the harvest is ripe. It is better not to delay the procedure and carry out after harvesting the berries. Then, before the end of the season, new shoots will be released on the bushes.
Diseases and pests
Senator raspberries are resistant to major crop diseases. With timely care, the risk of developing diseases is minimized. Weeds are regularly removed in the raspberry grove, old and diseased shoots are cut off.
Raspberries are susceptible to attack by gall midges, aphids, weevils, and spider mites. Chemical preparations Karbofos and Actellik are used against pests. Treatments are carried out before the beginning of the growing season and at the end of the season.
In summer, as a preventive measure, raspberries are sprayed with infusions on onion peels or garlic. To keep the product on the leaves longer, you need to add crushed soap. Pests are also deterred by spraying wood ash or tobacco dust.
Vasily, 49 years old, Tver
Acquired raspberries Senator after studying the description of the variety, photos and reviews. The variety showed itself well already in the first year after planting. I collect a good harvest of large berries. Many double berries come across. Taste for an amateur, there is sourness. In hot weather, raspberries become sweeter. The variety is mainly used for jam and other homemade preparations.
Elizaveta, 32 years old, Orenburg
For a long time I chose raspberries for growing on my site. According to the description of the variety and the photo, Senator raspberry attracted the attention. After planting, she regularly looked after the plants: she watered them in the heat, fed them with wood ash. Bushes with straight shoots, grow well without tying. The berries do not crumble, they taste sweet. Compared to other varieties, Senator is a clear leader in yield.
Oksana, 55 years old, Irkutsk
Three years ago, Senator planted raspberries, focusing on the description of the variety, photos and reviews. An excellent variety, ripens in medium terms. The berries are large and beautiful, elongated. The taste is very pleasant, the drupes are almost not felt. A reliable and productive variety for summer cottages. The berries are best removed immediately after ripening. With prolonged rains, raspberries lose their taste.
Raspberry Senator is characterized by good berry taste and high yield. The fruits have universal application, are stored for a long time, are suitable for freezing and processing. Caring for the Senator variety involves regular watering, since the plant does not tolerate drought. Several times during the planting season, they are fed with minerals or organic matter.