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For more than 50 years, gardeners have been growing unpretentious and high-yielding Heritage garden raspberries. She earned such affection with sweet and aromatic berries, simple care of the bushes. Its authors - breeders from New York, were truly not mistaken in calling the bred raspberries "heritage". And the raspberry Heritage itself has become the source of more than one new highly productive variety. The raspberry bush gives several yields, and in the fall the fruits ripen after the first light frosts. You can buy saplings of Heritage raspberry without hesitation, because it is still at the top of the world list of industrial varieties.
Description of the variety
The Heritage repair raspberry has compact, strong bushes up to 1.5–2 m in height, moderately spreading. Shoots with dark small thorns grow straight. Strong fruit branches are at the top of the shoots, they rise, uniting in inflorescences. Medium-sized dark green leaves are oblong, pointed towards the end, wrinkled.
Berries from the bush of the Heritage raspberry variety are fine-grained, dense, rounded-conical, differ in dry separation, almost all of the same average weight - from 3.2 to 3.8 g, large - up to 5 g. Ripe juicy fruits attract with a dark burgundy hue, characteristic raspberry aroma, sweet taste, there is a pleasant delicate acidity. The berries, which are distinguished by an unsurpassed aftertaste, were rated by the tasters 4.5 points. They can hold out ripe on the bush for about a week. The same time they are torn in the refrigerator.
Heritage raspberries ripen on one-year-old shoots at the end of August, the bush bears fruit until frost. On overwintered two-year-old shoots, berries ripen from June. If it is necessary to get a double collection of full-fledged berries from a bush, the plant is intensively watered and fed. Otherwise, the ripening of berries on last year's shoots weakens the plant and delays the autumn harvest.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
There are more positive reviews about Raspberry Heritage.
- Consistently high productivity;
- Berries of a pronounced taste, one-dimensional and transportable;
- Frost resistant - up to 300C, adapted to the climate of Central Russia, does not hide if there is snow;
- Does not cover the entire site, because there are few shoots;
- It is highly resistant to pathogens.
But there is also a negative opinion:
- In the south, it regularly needs watering and mulching;
- Requires fertilization;
- During frequent rains or abundant watering, the berries increase, but they lose their sweetness;
- In comparison with new varieties, the berries are small, although the yield is quite comparable.
Raspberry Heritage is planted in spring and autumn, but the best time is September. Before frost, the seedling takes root and, with warmth, strengthened, develops successfully. A good place for a raspberry tree is a sunny, unshaded area with loose soil, where there is no stagnant water. Heritage plant prefers slightly acidic or neutral-acidic soils.
- Purchase 1-2-year-old seedlings for planting raspberries, which have 1-2 shoots;
- Pay attention that they should not be thicker than 1 cm;
- If the root length is less than 15 cm, the seedling is weak;
- The central root must be accompanied by many small ones;
- The height of the shoots does not matter, because when planting they are cut to 25-30 cm.
Attention! The roots of raspberry seedlings are kept in water for two hours before planting. Immediately before the deepening, they are dipped in a liquid mixture of water and clay.
Soil preparation and planting
A month before the planned September planting of Heritage raspberry bushes, in late July - early August, the soil is enriched with humus - up to 12 kg per 1 sq. m, phosphorus fertilizers - 60 g, potassium sulfate - 35 g. The site is loosened and weeds are periodically pulled out.
- It should be borne in mind that for 1 sq. m only two Heritage raspberry bushes are planted;
- Distance between bushes - 70 cm, between rows - one and a half to two meters;
- The holes are dug 30-35 cm deep, 40 cm wide;
- The seedling is placed in the hole so that the root collar is 3-4 cm higher than the ground;
- The soil around the shoot is compacted, a side is made along the edges of the hole;
- Each plant is allocated up to 30 liters of water;
- From above, after watering, the hole must be mulched with dry sawdust or peat.
Water the Heritage raspberry bushes regularly, twice a week, especially in dry spring. The soil is moistened deeper than 10 cm. Raspberry Heritage then acquires its best characteristics. The yield will reach not only 3 kg per bush, but also more. October deep watering increases frost resistance and favors the establishment of new buds.
Important! The best type of watering for raspberries is drip irrigation.
In regions with unstable winters, frequent thaws and frosts without snow cover, in the fall, pruning of old shoots of the Heriteage remontant raspberry is carried out flush with the soil. An abundant berry picking will take place in September. Young shoots bend down and cover. In the spring, branches with damage and signs of disease are removed. 4-6 strong shoots are left on the bush.
Raspberry Heritage bushes are best tied up, although they are not too large.
- Garter favors yield;
- On the trellis, all branches will have uniform access to the sun and air;
- It is easier to prune shoots;
- It is more convenient to pick berries.
The Heritage raspberry bushes are fed with mineral complex fertilizers, wood ash, humus. The first type is introduced in March, then another solution of ammonium nitrate is used: 15-20 g per bucket of water - for irrigation of 1 sq.m. Before flowering, 60 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate are also dissolved in a bucket of water - per 1 sq. M. In the fall - compost and humus.
How to deal with diseases and pests
Heritage raspberry plants are not very susceptible to diseases, but prevention is required.
- Regularly thin out and feed the bushes;
- After removing the berries, cut out the old shoots;
- Hemp from affected branches is also removed;
- Raspberries will gratefully accept spraying with any preparation that contains copper;
- Preventive treatment in rainy weather for Heritage raspberry bushes is carried out every half month.
Warning! All chemical treatments must be carried out before flowering.
Typical diseases of raspberry bushes
Most often, the plants in the raspberry tree suffer from fungal spores, rust, purple spot, anthracnose.
In May, the disease manifests itself on the shoots and leaves of the Heritage raspberry bush in the form of orange tubercles. The stems gradually dry out and become brittle. In early April, the bushes are treated with 3 percent urea, before flowering, they are sprayed with 1 percent Bordeaux liquid.
When infected, brown-purple spots appear on young raspberry leaves. Then the leaves dry up and fall off. The stems also peel off, dry. The spots are spread over the whole plant. Preventively sprinkle wood ash around the bush. In early spring, 2% nitrafen is used, and before flowering, 1% Bordeaux liquid.
At first it develops in a natural humid zone, carried by the wind, birds, insects. It is a leaf disease in the form of gray spots with a brown border. The Heritage raspberry bushes are sprayed on the buds with a 5% carbamide solution, 1% Bordeaux liquid - before flowering, copper oxychloride - after flowering.
Heritage raspberry bushes and viruses are also affected: the leaves turn yellow along the veins at the end of June - in July. The disease spreads to the shoots, the berries dry before ripening. Prophylactically use in the spring 1% Bordeaux liquid and copper oxychloride. If the infection has spread, the plants are harvested and burned.
Insects are pests
Heritage raspberries are damaged by shoot or leaf aphids, raspberry beetle, stem gall midge and raspberry nut-making. All these insects, except for the raspberry beetle, which spoils the buds and lowers the yield, harm the stem and leaves, which leads to the death of the plant. They use insecticides against them, following the instructions.
Raspberry Heritage is a very good choice. Of course, comparing berries weighing 10-18 g on bushes of remontant raspberries of new varieties such as Giant or tree-like Brusvyana, one can decide that the latter are more profitable. By the way, domestic breeders have developed a remontant raspberry variety Rubin for the Central region, with small - 3-gram berries, resistant to many diseases. The gardener - to study other varieties and choose. Maybe it’s worth stopping at a traditional, proven seedling.
Tatyana Andreevna, 58 years old, Kaluga
We have been growing Heritage raspberries in the country for about 10 years. And we always return to the city with full baskets. I do not want to change it to any other variety! I tried a new remontant at the neighbors, but sour against ours, even though the berry is three times larger.
Alexey G., 37 years old, Bryansk region
Heritage raspberries always help us out in the market - they are very good berries in taste, appearance and endure a long journey. A sight for sore eyes when we lay out baskets with shiny, bright red berries. I also like that they are very easy to remove. Convenient for them are the fruit twigs themselves, which are located on top of the Heritage raspberry bush. It happens that they are overloaded and break off. But the tapestries help out.
Yuri N., 48 years old, Volgograd
In our area, the remontant raspberry Heritage is capricious. I water a lot, mulch with weeds after weeding. But I also harvest abundant crops. A liquid, sweet berry is singing in the sun. The variety is excellent!