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Moravian moravian: description and photo

Moravian moravian: description and photo


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According to the new classification, the Moravian Moravian belongs to the Boletov family. Therefore, the name Bolet Moravian also stuck. Scientific terms for the species: Xerocomus moravicus and Boletus moravicus, or Aureoboletus moravicus. It is rare and is considered a nature reserve, it cannot be collected.

What Moravian moravian mushrooms look like

Experienced mushroom pickers in the representatives of the species can simultaneously learn the features of the Boletovye family mushrooms and different mushrooms. The specimen is rather large.

Distinctive characteristics:

  • cap from 4 to 8-10 cm wide;
  • at a young age, the cap is hemispherical, then it becomes slightly convex or completely outstretched;
  • the skin of the tops of old mushrooms in the cracks;
  • the skin tone is warm, orange-brown, fades over time, brightens;
  • the lower plane of the cap is tubular, yellow when it appears, becomes greenish with age;
  • leg 5-10 cm high, 1.5-2.5 cm wide;
  • differs from the cap in a lighter, creamy brown shade;
  • it is cylindrical in shape, with expressive veins on the surface.

When cut, the flesh of the Moravian mushroom is white.

Important! Unlike other mushrooms, the flesh of the Moravian species does not change in color, does not turn blue when pressed or cut.

Where do Moravian mushrooms grow

A rare species that grows in Europe, including in the southern regions of Russia. In many regions, Moravian ailments are protected by law. The first mushrooms appear in August, they are found before the beginning of October. The habitats of protected specimens are deciduous forests. The species forms mycorrhiza with oak trees, most often it can be found in old oak forests. The flywheel is also found in plantings, near ponds, in damp areas.

Is it possible to eat Moravian mushrooms

The species is edible. It is believed that a very tasty protected mushroom is ill. But few are lucky to try it. Since it is in the endangered category, it is very rare to find it.

False doubles

There are no poisonous species similar to Moravian pain. It is very similar to the protected so-called Polish or Pan mushroom, the scientific name of which is Xerocomus badius. This species is edible. In the Russian scientific literature on mycology, it is known as the chestnut flywheel because of the reddish-brown tint of the cap. It spreads in the very territories of the temperate zone, in the mixed forests of Europe, and also less often in Asia. Chestnut moss is especially fond of light pine-spruce forests, spruce woodlands with birch - on the territory of Russia. In regions with milder weather conditions, they meet him under European chestnuts, beeches and oaks, as well as in areas with conifers.

The size of the cap of the Polish mushroom is up to 12 cm. The young upper parts are hemispherical, then they become more and more flat. Smooth dark brown skin with chestnut shades. Clavate stem 4-12 cm high, creamy brown. Outwardly, the Polish leg differs from the reserved pain in a smaller number of veins. On the cut, the pulp turns blue, then turns brown. Darkening often scares away mushroom pickers, and they waste such specimens.

Collection rules

Moravian moss is quite rare. They grow singly or in a small family. Since the species is protected by law as a nature reserve, the specimens encountered are not cut off. You can take instead chestnut mushrooms, or Polish mushrooms, which have excellent taste. The time of the appearance of the edible twins of the Moravian boletus is more extended: the first specimens of them begin to be collected at the end of June. Mushrooms also grow in late autumn, before frost.

Use

The reserved boleta has excellent taste properties, suitable for any use. But since mushrooms are rare, it is better to collect a full basket of the more affordable chestnut mushrooms. Polish is highly valued by amateurs and is considered a representative of the second category in terms of nutritional and taste properties, even slightly similar to white.

Conclusion

Moravian moss is a real legend for mushroom pickers. This rare and valuable mushroom cannot be harvested in a number of countries. The species must be protected in Russian forests, especially in reserves and reserves.


Watch the video: College Tour. Moravian College Everything You Need to Know (May 2022).

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