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Cherry Disease: Symptoms and Treatments

Cherry Disease: Symptoms and Treatments


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Not only beginners, but also experienced gardeners are often worried about why cherry does not bear fruit, and what are the main diseases of the cherry that are most dangerous for the plant and threaten with a lack of a tasty and healthy crop.

The first signs of cherry disease

Signs of damage to the plant by diseases or parasites may not appear immediately. As a rule, the gardener notices the first changes in the state of the fruit tree, when the disease has already pronounced symptoms.

In any case, the manifestation of such signs as withering, yellowing or falling of leaves, as well as any other changes in the appearance of the leaves, require a more detailed examination of the plant, which will help determine the root cause of the damage and develop the most effective treatment regimen.

Major diseases and their treatment

There are a number of diseases that cherry trees are most susceptible to.

Claustosporiosis or perforation

The causative agent is a fungal infection that can affect not only cherry trees, but also plums. The disease is characterized by the appearance on the leaves of rounded light brown spots with reddish-brown or raspberry fringing.

A week later, the formation of holes on the leaves is observed, which is accompanied by drying and falling of the foliage. The berries are also affected by the disease and are covered with purple spots, which can necrotize the fetus to the bone. Previously, the manifestation of the disease may be accompanied by the death of buds and flowers.

Treatment consists in the timely removal and subsequent destruction of the affected parts of the plant. Preventive measures are to prevent crown decay and spraying plants after flowering with 1% Bordeaux fluid or drug Topsin.

Gummosis or gum disease

The disease most often manifests itself on stone fruits, which have undergone freezing and infection with fungal infections. The disease worsens in conditions of significant overmoistening or excessive fertilization.

The first sign of the disease is the discharge of gum drops from the stem and shoots of the plant, which, when solidified, forms transparent flows. Such a disease is quite common, and its result may be the death of the plant.

Prevention of the disease consists in observing agricultural techniques during cultivation, as well as increasing the immunity of the plant and the timely treatment of any damage with the help of a garden var. Prunners and branches characterized by severe defeat are subject to immediate destruction.

Coccomycosis

The disease is the result of damage to the plant with the marsupial fungus of Sossomus hiemalis. The lesion is most often observed on cherry leaves and is characterized by the formation of reddish spots. In conditions of high humidity, a characteristic pinkish coating appears on the back of the leaves. The foliage first acquires brown staining, and then dries and falls. The plant weakens and even with minor frosts can die.

Prevention of the disease consists in the destruction of fallen leaves and timely tillage in early spring, as well as after the harvest. In order to combat coccomycosis, it is recommended to spray three times at the stage of budding, flowering and after harvesting with a solution of copper chloroxide at the rate of 40 g of the drug per bucket of water.

Moniliosis or gray rot

The disease causes browning of the shoots and branches of cherries with their subsequent withering. Damage to the cortex is characteristic, similar to burns. In addition, the disease causes decay of the fruit with the formation of small, gray-colored growths, randomly located.

The fight against the disease is to comply with the basic rules of agricultural technology and the competent conduct of care measures, including the destruction of affected berries and foliage. Garden plantings should be sprayed immediately after flowering with 1% Bordeaux liquid or solution Tsineb.

Rust

Fungal infection of most stone fruit and pome garden trees. The fungus infects the foliage of the plant and causes the appearance of peculiar bloating pads that have an orange or reddish-brown stain that resembles rust.

For treatment, timely collection and destruction of foliage affected by a fungal infection should be carried out, as well as spraying cherries before the flowering stage with the Khom preparation or a solution based on copper chloroxide.

Scab

Belongs to the category of the most common diseases of cherries and cherries in our country. Affected fruits are characterized by the presence of brown spots. A similar spotting appears on the foliage of a diseased scab plant. After some time, the leaves curl up and crumble, and the green berries do not go into the ripening phase and crumble.

The main measures to combat scab are the timely digging of the soil among the garden plantations, as well as the collection and subsequent destruction of fallen leaves and berries. A good result is observed when the plants are treated three times with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid.

We also suggest that you familiarize yourself with the material of the article, which talks about ways to combat fruit rot.

Moniliosis or Monilial Burn

Fungal damage, which is observed on most stone fruits. The main period of the disease falls on the flowering phase of cherries. Not only the fruits are affected, but also the wood of the plant. Branches and shoots take on a burned appearance, which explains the name of the disease - monilial burn. Plants weakened by the disease significantly reduce yield.

Prevention of moniliosis consists in choosing the right place for planting cherry seedlings, protecting plants from mechanical damage, and timely performing sanitary pruning. A good result shows the performance of the treatment with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid.

Root cancer

It is characterized by the appearance of peculiar growths on the site of the root neck and the root system of the tree as a result of damage by soil bacteria. At the stage of the initial stage of the disease, the growths have a grayish-white staining. After a while, growths on the root system are lignified.

The rapid development of the disease is facilitated by planting plants on soils with an alkaline environment. The disease can stop the growth and development of cherries in a short time.

Treatment consists in cutting out growths followed by disinfection of the cut site with a 1% solution of copper sulfate and boric acid. Proper care of cherries and compliance with agricultural techniques reduces the likelihood of developing the disease.

Cherry Disease: Coccomycosis

Causes of Cherry Condition Changes

It is very important to conduct regular inspections of garden plantings, which allows you to determine the presence of the disease as soon as possible and develop a system of treatment and plant protection.

Cherry dries

The reasons for this may be:

  • rooting of the neck of the neck as a result of significant deepening;
  • the defeat of garden plantings by such a pest as a bark beetle;
  • damage to a plant by a dangerous disease called moniliosis.

Cherry turns yellow

Yellowing cherries can occur for the following reasons:

  • lack of soil on which garden plants are cultivated, nitrogenous substances or boron;
  • fungal infection - coccomycosis or moniliosis;
  • delayed or improper irrigation;
  • plant freezing in winter;
  • the appearance around the cherry tree anthills.

Cherry falls

The cause of the fall of unripe berries is most often a plant defeat by moniliosis, coccomycosis, or some other disease. In addition, this phenomenon is often observed with insufficient application of nutrients, improper or too limited watering, as well as an attack by plant parasites or damage to the root system of the plant.

Cherry does not bear fruit

Why it happens? The following factors may threaten the fruiting of the tree:

  • lack of pollinating insects;
  • wrong selection of varieties for planting;
  • cultivation of orchards on too acidic soil;
  • defeat by fungal infection or root cancer.

Cherry Crumbles

The main reason is an insufficient amount of nutrients in the soil. As a rule, it is enough to carry out the introduction of complex mineral fertilizers or perform foliar top dressing to bring the plant back to normal.

Cherry Blossoms

The lack of cherry blossoms may indicate the following disadvantages of agricultural technology:

  • the root neck of the plant is too deep or, conversely, not deeply buried in the ground;
  • freezing of flower buds, which is most often characteristic of insufficiently frost-resistant varieties of cherries;
  • excessive introduction of nitrates into the soil.

Such situations can be corrected by the proper planting of seedlings, abundant watering at the stage of active vegetation, as well as top dressing with the use of Zavyaz or Bud preparations.

Cherry will fade

This happens for the following reasons:

  • defeat of the plant by moniliosis;
  • planting tree parasites such as scale insects on a tree;
  • too close proximity cherry and apricot tree.

Protection against birds and rodents

In order to protect the garden from rodents that activate in the winter, special traps should be installed, as well as wrapping the trunks of cherry trees with a fine mesh.

Competent measures to protect the crop from birds are of no small importance. To this end, it is advisable to hang special ratchets and rustling foil on the branch of the plant or the usual shiny New Year's “rain”. Low plants can be covered with special nets.

How to cure cherries from diseases

Only strict observance of all preventive measures and agrotechnical requirements will allow us to create healthy and abundant fruiting garden plantings that will regularly please with high yields of high-quality berries.


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